Losing Your Head for Coriander

Salt is not the only seasoning that gives a taste of life. In ancient manuscripts, a royal mixture of spices was mentioned. Only the royal people in the East and in Armenia owned the secret combination of this seasoning. It was such a protected secret, that if a servant was caught divulging the recipe for this sacred herb mixture, they were beheaded. The royal chef made this fragrant mixture all alone. It was served with meat and vegetable dishes, transforming ordinary vegetables and meat into delicacies worthy of being served at the royal table.

Time has revealed the mysterious blend in this magical mixture. Want to know this ancient secret?

One of the main components was the so-called Shambhala herb (Pazhitneek or Fenugreek). The second ingredient was Sumac. And the third spice in this wonderful seasoning was Coriander seeds. We’ll talk about it in more detail. 

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is an annual plant of the umbrella family, which also includes carrots and parsley. Coriander reaches a height of 40-50 cm, its leaves are similar to parsley leaves, and pink or white flowers. The coriander fruit is a globular spherical seedling of a grayish color with a diameter of 1 to 3 mm. Seeds contain a pleasant-smelling essential oil. In cooking, they are used as a spice, and in medicine as a remedy for diseases of the stomach. Coriander seed has been used in Egypt since ancient times, so the Israelites certainly knew him well before leaving that land. In Egypt and Palestine, coriander grows wild. 

Coriander greens are often called Kindzi or Cilantro, and the seeds of this plant are coriander. In Hebrew גד)) gad. The etymology of this word is from the ancient Greek word “bug”. In immature form, this plant emits a not very pleasant smell of a bug. By the time of ripening, this pungent smell almost completely disappears.

Most likely, the birthplace of Coriander is the Mediterranean. This plant came to Europe from the Romans. In Great Britain, coriander appeared in the 1st century AD, after the conquest of the Romans. In the 15-17th centuries, in the era of geographical discoveries, this spice was brought from Europe to America, New Zealand and Australia.

In medicine, coriander extracts are used to improve digestion and appetite.

Essential oil, which is obtained from Coriander, is widely used in perfumes and cosmetics. In Germany, Coriander is added in the manufacture of certain types of beer and liquors. Leaves have a spicy smell. Not a single salad in Georgia or Armenia can do without fresh Kindza. The greens are added to meat dishes. Often this spice, namely ground coriander seeds, is added to confectionery and culinary products.

So we revealed the secret of the magic mixture of Royal seasoning. In ancient times, people literally lost their heads due to this secret blend of spices. The history of mankind is replete with events in which, one way or another, spices played a role. The Great Way of Spices went from East to West. The spice trade has for many centuries determined the development of the global economy. Arabs became interested in this profitable occupation and in 325 BC, Alexander the Great himself intervened in the spice trade.

Today, spices are not only a wonderful souvenir from distant travels, but also a popular product all over the world.